Ottoman Empire after ww1

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The partition of the Ottoman Empire (30 October 1918 - 1 November 1922) was a geopolitical event that occurred after World War I and the occupation of Constantinople by British, French and Italian troops in November 1918 What happened to Ottoman Empire after World War 1? Finally, after fighting on the side of Germany in World War I and suffering defeat, the empire was dismantled by treaty and came to an end in 1922, when the last Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed VI, was deposed and left the capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul) in a British warship What happened to the ottoman empire after ww1? Later, that same year, at the Berlin Congress some points were defined: the Balkans obtained by Russia are returned to Turkey, maintaining the independence of Bulgaria and achieving the independence of Serbia, as mentioned above. Cyprus passed into British hands

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What happened to the Ottoman Empire after World War I 1 point? Finally, after fighting on the side of Germany in World War I and suffering defeat, the empire was dismantled by treaty and came to an end in 1922, when the last Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed VI, was deposed and left the capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul) in a British warship At the start of World War I, the Ottoman Empire was already in decline. The Ottoman army entered the war in 1914 on the side of the Central Powers (including Germany and Austria-Hungary) and were..

After World War I, the Ottoman Empire collapsed, leading to the establishment of the modern Republic of Turkey in 1923 and to the creation of other new states in the Middle East After the end of WWI, the League of Nations (a precursor to the United Nations) was established and, in 1922, they designated portions of the former Ottoman Empire to be controlled by Great Britain and France, largely according to what these two powers had determined in the Sykes-Picot Agreement Short Answer... The fall of the Ottoman Empire Long answer... Now I will explain how and why starting before the war NOTE: I WILL REFER TO THE OTTOMAN PEOPLE AS TURKS BUT THEY ARE ONE AND THE SAME BEFORE THE WAR, · WEAKENED BY OTHER WARS 29 Septem.. The partitioning of the Ottoman Empire was planned in several secret agreements made by the Allies early in the course of World War I, notably the Sykes-Picot Agreement in 1916

Finally, after fighting on the side of Germany in World War I and suffering defeat, the empire was dismantled by treaty and came to an end in 1922, when the last Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed VI, was.. After the Armistice of Mudros ended the Middle Eastern theater of World War I, the Allied forces began a process of occupying the defeated Ottoman Empire. The occupation of Istanbul and Izmir by the Allies in the aftermath of WWI prompted the establishment of the Turkish National Movement under the leadership of Mustafa Kemal Pasha, a military. The Ottoman Empire lied on the crossroads to Central Asia. The Convention served as the catalyst for creating a Triple Entente, which was the basis of the alliance of countries opposing the Central Powers. Ottoman Empire's path in Ottoman entry into World War I was set with that agreement, which ended the Great Game When World War I broke out in 1914, the Ottoman Empire allied itself with Germany, Austria-Hungary, and the other states who made up the Central Powers. The Central Powers fought against the Allied.. Consequently, a lot of the financial resources were spent on financing the military, while the domestic economy floundered. Ultimately, the Ottomans almost always lost the wars, and the economy was completely changed after WWI. (Ottoman Empire World War I: Home Front)

Title: Ottoman Empire after WWI Projection: Unknown, Source Bounding Coordinates: W: E: N: S: Main Map Page Zoomify Version B/W PDF Version: Description: A map of the Turkish territories after the partition by the Allies under the Treaty of Sévres in 1920. This map shows the areas remaining under Turkish control, including a small portion in. Why border lines drawn with a ruler in WW1 still rock the Middle East. The original secret Sykes-Picot map of 1916: A would go to France, B to Britain. A map marked with crude chinagraph. A cartoon depicting the Ottoman Empire under threat During the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire was one of the world's most expansive empires. By the outbreak of World War I, however, the Ottoman Empire was in a state of rapid transition and decay

Rise and Fall of the Ottoman Empire 1300 - 1923 | Ottoman

The Ottoman Empire lasted from 1299-1924.; In parts of Europe, Southwest Asia, and Africa. Very successful, even with different ethnic and religious groups. After the Ottoman Empire lost WWI, they were greatly weakened.; Europe (mainly England and France) partitioned the Ottoman Empire into separate mandates. Distribution was unfair and unequal The late Ottoman Empire's political and social climate on the eve of the First World War was shaped by liberal reforms beginning with the Tanzimat (1839-1876), and continuing during the Second Constitutional Period (1908-1918) The Ottoman entry into World War I (28 July 1914) came in 11 November 1914, after three months and eight days of being neutral. The reasons for the Ottoman Sultan's entry is not entirely clear, not then, not after many years. The Ottoman Empire was an agricultural state which had thrown itself into an industrialized war. The economic resources of the empire were depleted by the cost of the. The Ottoman Empire fought the First World War for the sake of survival in the short term and independence and security in the long. Its diplomatic, territorial, economic, and domestic war aims were shaped to this end

Impossible dreams of the Ottoman empire and the Greek love of the sea.thx for watchin Russian troops invaded the Ottoman Empire, moving into the east Anatolian provinces of Trabzon, Erzurum, and Van (all of which had large Armenian populations). Great Britain and France attacked the Empire during the last week of April 1915 at Gallipoli, with the aim of knocking the Ottomans out of the war Four empires collapsed during World War I - the German Empire, the Russian Empire, the Austria-Hungary Empire, and the Ottoman Empire. After the armistice of Nov. 11, 1918, the victorious Allies redrew the maps of Europe, Africa, Asia and the Middle East to replace these fallen empires. The United States entered World War I in April 1917 The Ottoman Empire (modern Turkey and Middle East) played kind of a weird role in the First World War. Fighting in the Middle East, the Ottomans were on Germ..

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Post World War I Middle East After the First World War concluded, the League of Nations was created to mediate tensions between world powers and settle global disputes with the intention of preventing any further wars. Thus, the League of Nations handled the distribution of the Middle East after the Ottoman Empire was disbanded The Ottoman Empire, after WWI, was partitioned, creating the modern Arab World (Algeria, Bahrain, Comoros, Egypt, Djibouti, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, etc.) and the Republic of Turkey. That was a brief overview of the timeline of the Ottoman or the Great Turkish Empire, delineating some of the most. The Ottoman Empire was largely an agrarian economy and perhaps the least industrialized among the major powers involved in the First World War. The Balkan Wars that preceded WWI, had already put the country under financial stress and, by 1914, the Ottoman Empire already had an external debt of 140 million pounds Austria-Hungary. Ottoman empire. British, German, French and Russian empires. For extra coverage of World War 1 outside the scope of the AP course, click here The Ottoman Empire's westward expansion was halted for good after the Ottoman defeat, and European fancies about Ottoman decline began to gain more traction. 5. Battle of Kars: Aug. 9-19, 1745. The Battle of Kars is considered by most historians to be the last major battle of the last major war between the Ottoman Empire and Persia

Otoman Empire, Low Prices. Free UK Delivery on Eligible Order What happened to the Ottoman Empire after ww1? Finally, after fighting on the side of Germany in World War I and suffering defeat, the empire was dismantled by treaty and came to an end in 1922, when the last Ottoman Sultan, Mehmed VI, was deposed and left the capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul) in a British warship The partition of the Ottoman Empire (Armistice of Mudros, 30 October 1918 - Abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate, 1 November 1922) was a political event that occurred after World War I and the occupation of Constantinople by British, French and Italian troops in November 1918

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  1. After World War 1, The Ottoman Empire also lost with their allience Germany. *After the Ottomans lost WWI, the lost most of their Arab land to France and England. It was dissolved by Mustafa Kemal.
  2. Ottoman Empire after WWI. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. EJHalvo. Terms in this set (20) Mandate System. when the Ottoman Empire was downsized to Turkey the remaining land was split between GB and France under what was called the Mandate System. Mandate
  3. After the war, from the years 1919 and 1923, Mustafa Kemal led a national uprising (the Turkish War of Independence) against the last Ottoman sultan which laid the foundation of the new Turkish State and signaled the end of the Ottoman Empire
  4. After WW1, the Ottoman Empire grew larger and became stronger for many years. Question 1 options: True False Question 2 (1 point) Question 2 Saved Arab countries were not consulted about how to partition. Question 2 options: True False Question 3 (1 point) Question 3 Saved Europe wanted to control the region's oil, and that influenced how they.
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THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE * , especially Origins of the Ottoman Empire After Muhammad's death in 632 A.D., Muslim faith & power spread throughout Middle East Islam Map By 1215, foreign invaders (Mongols from eastern Asia) took over the lands of the Muslim empire Islam's power in the Middle East started to decline Mongol Map THEN . . It is a known fact that after WWI the Ottoman Empire territory was divided by the Supreme Allied Powers in the Middle East. The Allied Powers set up 21 Arab states with over 5 million square miles, and one Jewish state in Palestine. Thus, under international law and treaties, Palestine was allocated to the Jewish people The Ottoman Empire was the state responsible for the Armenian Genocide. The Ottoman Empire was in existence from 1300 to 1923. It was ruled by Muslim Turks headed by the sultanate of the Osmanli/Ottoman dynasty. The Ottoman state, variously called Turkey or the Turkish Empire, was governed according to Islamic law which relegated non-Muslims to.

Partition of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedi

  1. After World War I, the British government was given a mandate to rule Palestine in the carve-up of the Ottoman Empire, including a commitment to Britain's Jewish community to create a Jewish.
  2. 'After' the First World War, the Ottoman Empire was broken up. When the war ended for some countries in 1918-19, it did not for Turkey: the First World War led straight into the Turkish War of Independence (1919-1923). This, together with the secret wartime agreements between the British and the French to divide up the Ottoman territory amongst.
  3. Ottoman Empire, empire created by Turkish tribes that grew to be one of the most powerful states in the world in the 15th and 16th centuries. Its dynasty was founded by a prince (bey), Osman, after the Mongols defeated the Seljuqs at the end of the 13th century. The empire disintegrated after World War I
  4. ww1 lasted until 1918 ottoman empire lasted until 1922 hopie234 hopie234 it is false. it got weaker. New questions in History. 1 1 Patriots and loyalists had different reasons for their stance in the war. Match the reasons with each group. 1 1 Considered themselves British cit

What happened to Ottoman Empire after World War 1

We've gathered our favorite ideas for Ottoman Empire Map After Ww1, Explore our list of popular images of Ottoman Empire Map After Ww1 and Download Photos Collection with high resolutio After he got a job as an attaché in the British Embassy in Constantinople, the younger Sykes returned to Egypt repeatedly. This all culminated in 1915 with the publication of his book The Caliphs' Last Heritage, which was a part-travel diary and a part-history of the decay of the Ottoman Empire. The book established him as an expert on that. Ottoman Empire before World War I. A cartoon depicting the Ottoman Empire under threat. During the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire was one of the world's most expansive empires. By the outbreak of World War I, however, the Ottoman Empire was in a state of rapid transition and decay This was a pact where the Ottomans and Great Britain stated the defeat of the Ottoman Empire What happened to the Ottomans after the Armistice of Mudros? The Ottomans began demobilized and their transportation system was used by the Allied Power For nearly 400 years prior to World War I, the lands of Iraq existed as three distinct semi-autonomous provinces, or vilayets, within the Ottoman Empire.In each of these vilayets, one of the three.

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What happened to the Ottoman Empire after World War I 1

  1. The Turkish nationalists gained strength when Germany and the Ottoman Empire entered into a military alliance just before World War I. Old stereotypes about Armenian disloyalty were combined with long-held views of the Armenians as other and were spread by the government to further a sense of us and them
  2. The Ottoman Empire had an army of about 600,000 troops split into 38 different divisions, the army as a whole was of an unknown quality (Woodword 4). In 1911-1913, The Ottoman Empire was forced to implement major reformations in its military after the traumatic surrender of many territories in Africa and Europe
  3. g the core of a future South Slavic state. French revanchism after the loss of Alsace and Lorraine to Germany in 1870-71

Ottoman Empire - WWI, Decline & Definition - HISTOR

  1. Ottoman Empire Map, History, Facts. The Ottomans were one of the principalities that emerged after the collapse of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum. You can find the facts about the history of the Ottoman Empire, which turned into an empire over time, in this article.I tried to describe the rise and fall of the Ottoman Empire on maps and various images as much as possible
  2. The Ottoman Empire, of course, was in its final days the modern representation of the great Muslim force that had swept out of Arabia, across the Middle East as far as Egypt, Libya, and Algeria.
  3. The partition of the Ottoman Empire (Armistice of Mudros, 30 October 1918 - Abolition of the Ottoman Sultanate, 1 November 1922) was a political event that occurred after World War I and the occupation of Constantinople by British, French and Italian troops in November 1918. The partitioning was planned in several agreements made by the Allied Powers early in the course of World War I,1.
  4. Decline of the Ottoman Empire The history of the Ottoman Empire in the nineteenth century is one of increasing internal weakness and deterioration. Once a super power, the Ottoman Empire fell because of a combination of internal degeneration and external pressures. Loss of economic vitality resulted as Europe went to Africa for trade and relied on the Americas rather than the Ottoman middleman

On April 24, 1915, the Ottoman Empire arrested and ultimately killed hundreds of the Armenian intelligentsia. In May 1915, Ottoman commanders began mass deportation of Armenians from eastern Anatolia After WW1, the Treaty of Sèvres planned the partition of the Ottoman Empire with Greece, Italy, France and Armenia taking large parts of Anatolia and East Thrace. This Treaty was eventually never followed. Which other post-WW1 territorial reorganization plans were never followed, and why History of the Ottoman Empire during World War I . Just Now Military.wikia.org Related Item . The Ottoman entry into World War I (28 July 1914) came in 11 November 1914, after three months and eight days of being neutral. The reasons for the Ottoman Sultan's entry is not entirely clear, not then, not after many years. The Ottoman Empire was an agricultural state which had thrown itself into an. Ottoman Empire After World War I. 856 Views Program ID: 465724-5 Category: Public Affairs Event Format: Speech Location: Kansas City, Missouri, United States First Aired: Nov 27, 2019 | 10:50pm. How was the Ottoman Empire divided after WW1? The End of the Ottoman Empire: In the aftermath of the First World War, the Allied Powers (mainly Great Britain and France, but also Russia, Japan.

In November 1914, the Ottoman empire went to war against Russia, Britain, and France. On October 31, 1918, by the Armistice of Mudros, the war ended with the Ottoman armies suffering almost total defeat. The result was the dismemberment of the empire and, after a further four years of confusion and fighting, the emergence of the state of Turkey in Anatolia and a small part of Eastern Thrace. The Treaty of Sevres was never ratified by the Ottoman Empire, and therefore abolished on March 18th, 1920 when the British occupied Istanbul. Furthermore, the treaty did not include the United States or Russia, while Greece also did not ratify it. One of the main problems with this and also other agreements after World War I is th Why the Ottoman Empire rose and fell. One of the greatest empires in history, the Ottomans reigned for more than 600 years before crumbling on the battlefields of World War I In the 16th century, the Ottoman Empire was not only a dominant military force, but a diverse and multicultural society. The glory wouldn't last, however, and after centuries of political crises, the Ottoman Empire was finally dismantled after World War I. So, what led to its downfall? First, let's go back to its beginnings The Palestine of today was created by the British and French after the defeat of the Ottoman Empire. Explanation: Post World War 1, Britain and France wanted to control oil in the middle east as a strategic resource

The Ottoman Empire Late in 1914 , the Ottoman Empire was brought into the fray as well, after Germany tricked Russia into thinking that Turkey had attacked it. As a result, much of 1915 was dominated by Allied actions against the Ottomans in the Mediterranean After Murad III's death in 1595, the ascension of Mehmed III (r.1595-1603) and the five reigns that followed him marked several important turning points of the Ottoman Empire. Among these were the lapse of the Princely Governate, the seclusion of male heirs into the Kafes , and the marked increase in harem women populations The Ottoman Sultan was the first and held it from 1922-1926, when it passed to Egypt from 1926-1930. After the Second Great War - which the Turks passed quietly profitably selling oil to both sides until a late 1944 embargo and sold only to the Allies - the Caliphs met with various other religious figures and prayed for world peace, insisting. The Austro-Hungarian Empire was a multinational (multi-ethnic) political entity, where power was shared between the Austrian and Hungarian elites. In its last conception and under the name of Austria-Hungary, it lasted from 1867 to 1918. It was formed after Austria lost the Austro-Prussian war and barely contained a Hungarian rebellion, after.

Ottoman Successors

The Ottoman Empire was a big player in WW1, but it fell apart after it lost the war. The Ottoman Empire was mostly in which modern day country? Russi After World War 1, the Ottoman Empire fell, and the Middle East was up for grabs. Description: After World War 1, the Ottoman Empire fell, and the Middle East was up for grabs. Mark Sykes of Great Britain and Francois Georges-Picot of France started - PowerPoint PPT presentation The Treaty of Sevres. The Treaty of Sèvres was signed with the Ottoman Empire after the end of World War One. The terms of the Treaty of Sèvres were harsh and many in the Ottoman Empire were left angered and embittered by their treatment. The Treaty of Sèvres was signed on August 10th 1920 after more than fifteen months was spent on drawing.

The Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire, 1807-1924

After four centuries of continuous rule, the Ottoman Empire collapsed, creating a vacuum that contributed to tensions between local inhabitants and external powers or interests Ottoman women in the harem - a young slave girl waits on them. The slave system in the Ottoman Empire was very different from that of plantation life in the US and the Caribbean. Males could be either military or domestic slaves and females almost always domestic. Within the gender segregation, there was a racial hierarchy at work, too Ottoman Empire. By: Stanford J. Shaw, Gökhan Çetinsaya. Source: The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World. Provides comprehensive scholarly coverage of the full geographical and historical extent of Islam. Conquest, 1300-1600. Government and Society. Decline Try to ignore the obvious event that, after World War 1, the Ottoman Empire no longer existed. In what other political, social, cultural, and religious ways does World War 1 constitute a great watershed in Middle Eastern history. Be specific. Answer. There is no answer at this time. The following answer was rejected by the asker (they reposted.

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Which countries controlled the former Ottoman Empire after WWI? Were they effective in maintaining a peaceful rule? Why or why not? World History. 1 Answer aielliot Jan 27, 2018 Turkey was created in 1923 after a war. Saudi Arabia was created in 1933. The rest gained independence after World War 2 after a number of uprisings areas that still remained part of the Ottoman Empire. Every educated person living in 1914 knew that, after 600 years as a world power, the once great Ottoman Empire was struggling to adjust to changing times. Many people were calling it the sick man of Europe and questioning whethe

How did the Ottoman Empire change after WWI? - Quor

On the eve of World War I, the anticipated break-up of the enfeebled Ottoman Empire raised hopes among both Zionists and Arab nationalists. The Zionists hoped to attain support from one of the Great Powers for increased Jewish immigration and eventual sovereignty in Palestine, whereas the Arab nationalists wanted an independent Arab state covering all the Ottoman Arab domains *The modern nation of Greece was born after its long War of Independence from the Ottoman Turks (1821-1832). In the eyes of most historians, the Greece of today is different from the Greek Byzantine Empire of the Middle Ages (also known as the Medieval Period). That Greek empire fought many wars against the young Ottoman Empire The empire won the Second Balkan War in 1914. In the same year, the Ottoman Empire entered WW1. It joined the Central Powers against the Entente. In 1918, the Ottoman Empire surrendered and then the war ended. The empire lost a bunch of land to several nations including France and the UK. The Ottoman Empire dissolved in 1922 after the last. When WWI erupted, the Young Turks government, hoping to save the remains of the weakened Ottoman Empire, adopted a policy of Pan Turkism - the establishment of a mega Turkish empire comprising of all Turkic-speaking peoples of the Caucasus and Central Asia extending to China, intending also to Turkify all ethnic minorities of the empire

Partition of the Ottoman Empire Boundless World Histor

First and foremost, the dire situation of the Ottoman Empire was not a reason not to join the war, but mostly a cause for joining it. The Ottoman Empire entered the war due to their attack against the Russian fleet, but that attack was not decided by the Government as a whole but by a faction of officers.If the Government had had complete control over the military, it could have stopped them The map of Europe changed significantly after World War I. Several new independent countries were formed including Poland, Finland, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia. Russia became the Soviet Union and the Ottoman Empire later became the country of Turkey. Germany also had to give up the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine to France. League of Nation

Six Reasons Why the Ottoman Empire Fell - HISTOR

The main purpose of these alliances was to formally declare war on the Ottoman Empire and drive them out of Eastern Europe once and for all. The war began in October 1912. These signed alliances were somewhat shaky as each nation had their doubts. The Balkan states emerged victorious after eight months of intense fighting The Ottoman Empire came to an end in 1924 when, after the First World War, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk abolished the caliphate and founded a modern secular state. The decay: What Happened to the Ottoman Empire? Ottoman decay began after the death of Suleiman the Magnificent in 1566. A series of ineffective rulers made the palace's intrigues. The Middle East and the West: WWI and Beyond World War I completed the European takeover of the Ottoman Empire's territories in the Middle East, and the region's modern boundaries emerged. NPR's. Ottoman Empire Called by the Turks Osmanlıs, after the name of the founder of the dynasty Osman I (Ar., ʿUthmān), the Ottomans were Oghuz (Tk., Oğuz) Turks who came out of Central Asia and created a vast state that ultimately encompassed all of southeastern Europe up to the northern frontiers of Hungary, Anatolia, and the Middle East up to the borders of Iran as well as the Mediterranean.

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The Ottoman Empire Boundless World Histor

Lords of the Horizon. Buy Now. Goodwin in this novel discusses the rise and decline of the Ottoman Empire, but not in a regular way. He discusses how it thrived during the first 300 years and how it somehow managed to survive the last 300 before its final downfall in WW1 Ottoman Empire Map. Ottoman Empire Map At Its Height, Over Time, Largest Borders. The Ottomans were founded in 1299 after the collapse of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum.The Ottoman Principality was established on the territory of Bilecik and Kutahya cities of Anatolia. Although there were more powerful principalities in Anatolia, it managed to become a rapidly expanding state by making the right. After World War I the Arab territories of the old Ottoman Empire were administered as Western mandates, not annexed as Western colonies. The French had received the mandates for Syria and for Syria's neighbor, Lebanon. The post-war mandates, which brought so much of the Arab world under imperial control, frustrated the aspirations of Arab. The Ottoman Empire shelled the Russian port of Odessa 100 years ago today, entering into the Great War on the side of Germany and Austria-Hungary. The Christian Science Monitor reported as it.

Dissolution of the Ottoman Empire - Wikipedi

Why didn't Kurdistan become a nation after World War 1? By: Harold Kingsberg. The treaty that got the Ottoman Empire out of the First World War was the Treaty of Sèvres. It was signed on 10 August 1920, and in addition to stripping the Ottoman Empire of all of its territory off of the Anatolian Peninsula, it didn't leave the Turks with. Ottoman Empire . Ottoman Empire- The Ottoman Empire was the last of a series of Turkish Muslim empires. It spread from Asia minor beginning about 1300, eventually encompassing most of the Middle East, most of North Africa, and parts of Europe, including modern Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Hungary, Rumania and Yugoslavia If the first question still is :Could Russia annex all of the Ottoman Empire and if what happened afterwards? The answer is Very unlikely. Russia at the end of WWI was in a civil war on its own. It would take years for any faction to even control all of pre-war Russia. Let alone occupy any non-Russian territory Nationalism after WWI.pptx - Google Slides. Nationalism. Nationalism - extreme pride in one's ethnic background and country. Nationalism in the Middle East. Fall of the Ottoman Empire. Ottoman Empire was steadily growing weaker due to Nationalism. The OE alliance with Germany spelled the end of the Empire after WWI.

7) The treaty of Severe dismantled the Ottoman Empire. However, as a fun fact, afterwards the Ottoman Empire still existed until Ataturk came. So technically the Ottoman Empire die not at all collapsed during or immediately after WW I. 8) Wilson declared the abdiction of the Emperor as a requirement for peace/an armistice on November 1 1918 What caused the Ottoman Empire to end after WWI? answer choices . Ottomans were on the losing side of the war, along with Germany and Austria-Hungary. The Ottoman government was overthrown by a revolt of factory workers. The empire spent too much money on buildings and new roads and went bankrupt The early years of the 20th century saw tremendous growth in Europe of both population and prosperity. With arts and culture flourishing, few believed a general war possible due to the peaceful cooperation required to maintain increased levels of trade as well as technologies such as the telegraph and railroad 5 After World War I, Serbia became part of A Hungary. B Romania. C Russia. D Yugoslavia. 6 After national boundaries were redrawn, which of the Central Powers lost access to the sea? A Austria-Hungary B Germany C The Ottoman Empire D Russia 68 CSS Specific Objective 10.6.2: Practic Oil and the origins of the 'War to make the world safe for Democracy' By F. William Engdahl, 22 June, 2007 . Abstract: At first almost unnoticed after 1850, then with significant intensity after the onset of the Great Depression of 1873 in Britain, the sun began to set on the British Empire